Congress reauthorized ESEA as Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), replacing No Child Left Behind (NCLB) to reflect federal education policies that support and enhance the success of education agencies across the nation. ESSA grants more autonomy to states and districts and provides support for expanding and strengthening the quality of charter schools. “The Every Student Succeeds Act isn’t just a reaction to negative feedback about No Child Left Behind. It’s also a bipartisan recognition that some facets of federal education policy – such as support for charter public schools have been a resounding success” Nina Rees, CEO and President of the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools.
The most prominent policy changes that speak directly to charter schools can be found in Title IV Part C, known as the Expanding Opportunity Through Quality Charter School Program (CSP) grant.7 CSP was included in NCLB, but under ESSA, CSP could potentially help increase support and funding for replication and expansion of high quality charter schools, as well as provide technical and financial support to secure and obtain school facilities.
TYPES OF FUNDING
Charter schools in every state are funded based on student enrollment, and receive funding from the state and the district.
The per pupil amount that charters receive varies by state, and is based on each state’s funding formula.
Research indicates that charter schools receive less per-pupil funding than traditional public schools in most states.
David Arsen and Yong Mei Ni, “Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools? Resource Allocation in Charter and Traditional Public Schools.”
IN ADDITION TO PER-PUPIL FUNDING, SOME OTHER SOURCES OF FUNDING THAT CHARTER SCHOOLS CAN ACCESS ARE:
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